Steel Update:
Lorem ipsum passages were popularized on Letraset dry-transfer sheets from the early 1970s,Lorem ipsum passages were popularized on Letraset dry-transfer sheets from the early 1970s,
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Alloying Elements

The Effect in Alloying Elements in Properties of Steels

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The Effects of Alloying Elements on the properties of Steels
Alloying element Mechanical Properties Magnetic Properties
Silicon ↑↑ ~ ↑↑↑ ↓↓↓ - ↓↓ ↑↑ ↓↓ - ↓↓
Manganese in pearlitic steels ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ↓↓ ~ ~ -          
Manganese in austenitic steels ↓↓↓ ↑↑ ~ ~ ~ ~ ↑↑ ~ - ↓↓↓ ↓↓↓ ↓↓   - not magnetic
Chromium ↑↑ ↑↑ ↑↑ ↓↓↓ ↑↑ ~ ↓↓↓ ↑↑ ↑↑↑     ↑↑  
Nickel in pearlitic steels ~ ~ ~ ~ ↓↓ ~ ↓↓ - -     ↑↑ ↑↑  
Nickel in austenitic steels ↓↓ ↑↑↑ ↑↑↓ ↑↑↑ ~ ↑↑↑ ↓↓ ~ ~ ↓↓↓ ↓↓↓ ↓↓ - ↑↑ not magnetic
Aluminium - - - - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ↓↓ ~ ↓↓ ↑↑↑ -     ↑↑ ↑↑  
Tungsten ~ ~ ↑↑↑ ↓↓ ↑↑ ↑↑↑ ↓↓ ↓↓ ↓↓ -     ↑↑↑ ↑↑↑  
Vanadium ~ ~ ↑↑ ↓↓ ↑↑↑↑   ~          
Cobalt ~       ↑↑↑ ~ - -   ↑↑ ↑↑↑ ↑↑↑  
Molybdenum ~ ↑↑ ↓↓ ↑↑↑ ↑↑ ↑↑ ↑↑ -        
Copper ↑↑ ~ ~ ~ - - - - ↓↓↓ ~ ~ -          
Sulphur - - - - - - - - ↓↓↓ ↑↑↑ - -          
Phosphorous ↓↓↓ - - - - - ↑↑ - - -          
↑ = Increase                 ↓ = Reduction                ~ = Contant                      - = Not characteristic or unknown effect                  Several at arrows = More intensive

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